5E Instructional Model for eLearning – A Model Preferred by NASA

5E Instructional Model for eLearning – A Model Preferred by Custom eLearning development is one of the challenging as well as an interesting area for an instructional designer. Its major challenge lies in finding efficient and effective learning solutions that meet unique learning needs.

In this blog, I will describe 5 E’s instructional model and propose important suggestions to implement it in eLearning.

First, we will begin with a reference from NASA eClips which says…

“NASA eClips™ supports the 5E constructivist learning cycle, helping students build their own understanding from experiences and new ideas.”

Source: https://nasaeclips.arc.nasa.gov/teachertoolbox/the5e

Constructivism is one of the prominent theories in teaching learning process. It is equally effective for all the common forms of learning delivery modes such as classroom education, self-paced learning – eLearning or instructor-led training (ILT), etc.

5E’s instructional model is defined and developed based on the constructivist approach to learning.

What is Constructivist Approach?

One of the main doctrines of constructivist approach explains it best i.e., ‘help learners develop understanding on their own.’

How Constructivist Approach Relevant to eLearning?

Research agrees that constructivism learning theory, which focuses on knowledge construction based on learner’s previous experience, is a good fit for e-learning because it ensures learning among learners.

(Harman & Koohang, 2005; Hung, 2001; Hung & Nichani, 2001; Koohang & Harman, 2005)

5E’s Instructional Model
5E Instructional Model is developed by Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS). And the major contributor is Roger Bybee.

5E’s instructional model is a format that can be applied to complete training program, particular a course or a topic.

The model describes 5 phases of learning:

NASA-Supported 5E Instructional Model


ENGAGE
In this stage, engage learners to help them establish connection between prior knowledge and the present or upcoming new concept.

eLearning Instructional Strategy:
Present prior knowledge in organized and visually appealing formats to help learner recall and recognize the base for new knowledge
Ask inquisitive and intuitive questions to ensure learners recall prior knowledge
EXPLORE
Learner will be presented with the actual learning content.

Here, we may have two scenarios;

Less Learning Content – The whole content will be presented at once
Heavy Learning Content – The content will be divided into bite-sized chunks. Each chunk will be presented after learner completes remaining stages. Micro-Learning model can be used for effective and lasting learning impact
eLearning Instructional Strategy:
Use appropriate content presentation techniques to help learners understand the concept. There are variety of ways you can present content based on its type, such as:

Concepts: Explainer animations, videos, Augmented Reality, photos, illustrations etc.
Process and Procedures: Infographics, flowcharts etc.
Facts: Charts, graphs, tables etc.
Principles: Lists, still graphics, etc.
EXPLAIN
During this stage, learners will be given opportunity to explain, describe or express their observations or understandings on the content.

eLearning Instructional Strategy:
eLearning being a technology platform offers creative as well as easy techniques to help learners reflect their learning. The core idea is to allow learners apply learning using drag & drop, text-entry forms, multiple/single select interactions, Likert Scale to record opinion, etc.

ELABORATE
At this stage, learners will be inspired and motivated to apply, expand, extend and elaborate their understanding. Learners will build new learning based on their recent learnings.

eLearning Instructional Strategy:
Prompt learners to use newly developed knowledge and understanding to a new or similar situations.

Case-studies can be an appropriate technique to synthesize relevant ideas and respond accordingly
The new situation can be converted into gamified environment. This will enable learning designer to spark higher level of motivation
EVALUATE
Final stage is to assess understanding.

eLearning Instructional Strategy:
There can be variety of strategies to assess learner understanding, they are:

Measure efficiency – For example, create an activity to finish in certain stipulated time duration
Check knowledge – For example, create multiple/single select interactions
Observe learner behavior – Few LMS’ allow you record all the interactions that learner performs to successfully complete an activity. For example, in a decision making scenario, learner can make different choices before freezing it as final. All those actions describe his level of problem solving ability and thinking patterns.
Conclusion
5E’s is an effective instructional model as it proposes active learning process which keeps learner motivated until the learning session completes.  It is suitable for small to large corporations to address their learning needs. It can be a broader learning strategy covering multiple instructional theories, methods, techniques, etc.

NASA

 

Source: http://www.swiftelearningservices.com/5e-instructional-model-for-elearning-a-model-preferred-by-nasa/